Folkkampanjen mot kärnkraft-kärnvapen
- The Swedish Anti-nuclear Movement

Folkkampanjen started in 1979 to organise opposition to nuclear power for the 23 March 1980 referendum in Sweden (see below).

The main goals of Folkkampanjen are to:

Our main reasons for opposition to nuclear power are the:

Folkkampanjen is politically independent. Our financial base is the annual membership fee. There are local groups throughout the country and the administrative office is in Stockholm.

Members of the Board are elected at the annual general meeting. The Board members come from different parts of the country and work together with other members in committees and project groups. One committee is the international committee/WISE-Stockholm.

Members receive "Medsols," a quarterly magazine published by Folkkampanjen. The magazine gives members current information on energy issues in Sweden as well as news from around the world. Pamphlets, leaflets, brochures, books and exhibitions are also produced.

The Referendum

In the referendum on nuclear power of 23 March 1980, voters were presented with three alternatives:

  1. Yes to nuclear power with no conditions.
  2. Yes to nuclear power, but only until it can be replaced by other energy sources (though not oil or coal); expansion of the nuclear programme by six reactors (to a total of 12), all to be shut own as soon as possible; and phasing out of home heating with electricity.
  3. No, meaning an immediate freeze on construction together with phasing out of the then six reactors by 1990 at the latest. This was our choice.

The result was: choice (1) 18.7%, choice (2) 39.1%, and choice (3) 38.7%.

Folkkampanjen didn't win the referendum, but more than a third of the voters said no to nuclear power.

Today Sweden has 12 nuclear reactors at four power stations, which provide about 60% of the country's electricity, which means an electricity production of 70 tWh per year.

According to a parliamentary decision taken just after the 1980 referendum, all the reactors are to be shut down by the year 2010. Referenda in Sweden are only advisory, meaning the government is not legally bound to follow their outcomes.

The referendum did not end the debate about nuclear power. Awareness of the hazards of nuclear technology continues to grow. Our struggle will continue until the entire nuclear fuel chain in the world is closed down.

Newpaper articles

date paper headline writer
2010-02-15 Wien International Nuclear power losing in importance world-wide  
2008-04-24 Aftonbladet What powers drive the nuclear lobby? Eva Moberg
2007-01-24 Aftonbladet Curing Plague with Choleran Eva Moberg